近視

 

近視主要表現為看遠事物不清,而近事物較清。中醫早有此病的描述,稱為"能近怯遠症"。現代中醫眼科亦以"近視"作為病名。

近視的成因:

    • 先天性近視
    • 配戴眼鏡度數過深
    • 眼球生長過長或眼角膜弧度過彎
    • 不正確閱讀姿勢
    • 過多近距離工作
    • 視覺系統受壓力

近視的影響:

    影像投射在視網膜前,導致視網膜上影像模糊不清

    須要配戴較重眼鏡片以矯正視力

    出現視網膜病變的機會較大 (例如: 視網膜退化,黃斑點病變等)

近視的預防方法:

  • 正確的姿勢

  • 適當的燈光

  • 避免弦光(Glare)

  • 減少近距離工作或有適當的休息

 

控制兒童近視方法:

  • 中醫藥及耳針治療

    • 國內早有不少研究發表利用中醫耳針方法減輕兒童近視增長,同時可提高視力。

    • 此外中醫藥亦同時有同樣功用,此兩種治療手段可同時進行以加強效果。而不會影響眼睛對焦功能。

    • 對於假性近視兒童更有減輕近視效果。

    保健操
    • 眼保健操亦為常用減輕視疲勞方法。

 

 

 

 

 

 

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