有研究報導指出於動物實驗中枸杞子可用作預防急性青光眼(acute glaucoma)及一過性黑矇(amaurosis fugax)作用 (Li SY, Yang D, Yeung CM, Yu WY, Chang RC, So KF, Wong D, Lo AC., Lycium barbarum polysaccharides reduce neuronal damage, blood-retinal barrier disruption and oxidative stress in retinal ischemia/reperfusion injury. PLoS One. 2011 Jan 26;6(1):e16380. 該研究詳情請參閱此連結: http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0016380 )
現時,坊間有不少人喜歡用枸杞子煲湯、泡水作保健用途,甚至有不少學術研究人員單獨利用它作臨床實驗以觀察對眼睛之作用。在中醫學方面,枸杞子性質味甘、平;主要作用有補腎益精、養肝明目,潤肺止咳。由於它的藥性溫和又有補益作用,故很受大眾歡迎。
在中醫眼科中,它只是其中一種明目藥物,其他常用明目藥物還有決明子、菊花、女貞子、菟絲子、楮實子、蟬蛻、石決明、密蒙花、牛蒡子、五味子等等。這類中藥雖同是明目藥,但它們屬性並不一樣,如決明子可清熱明目潤腸通便,而菊花則可疏散風熱平抑肝陽清肝明目清熱解毒,石決明則可平肝潛陽清肝明目,五味子有收斂固澀益氣生津補腎寧心,可見雖同為明目藥但藥性却不一樣。
在治療眼疾時,我們不會將所有明目藥物開進方裏,治療每一種眼疾均有其理論基礎及治療原則,在治療時必須根據其理論及辨證論治方法,方能發揮最佳療效。
舉一個例子,中醫眼科病”青風內障”(相對應西醫眼科中之”慢性青光眼”),基本已分有幾種不同治法-清熱疏肝、清肝熄風、清熱祛痰和胃降逆、滋陰養血柔肝熄風。當中所用藥物並不是每一味都是明目藥物,而是根據治法選用適當方劑或藥物,以現代醫學考慮時,當中部份藥物除有保護神經作用外,還有改善微循環方面等作用。故中醫眼科定立治法前必須收集中醫四診(包括將眼科檢查結果歸屬於四診當中)之資料,再用中醫眼科理論進行分析歸納,才能定下治療原則及治療方法,最後再選方用藥作治療。
枸杞子

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